“Now go home and do some piano practice”. - OK, but how exactly? Get some tried and tested practice ideas here!
Actually, I didn't start learning proper piano practice techniques myself until I started teaching piano.
Some people have the ability to practice and get great results without having learned much about how to practice, that is true. But most people don’t.
After more than 30 years of teaching piano, I find it's absolutely essential for all piano students to learn about effective practice routines and how to practice as early as possible.
And still I notice that practicing the piano is somehow assumed to just work by itself, as if every piano student was born with a “how to know how to practice” gene!
So, here are some more tips on how to practice with more efficiency and better results!
I like my students to work on several pieces at once.
Different repertoire, etudes and exercises, scales and chords, some prima vista and chord piano for example.
This can be rather a lot of material to work on, and can lead to confusion unless the material and the practice time is organized.
It is a good idea to start the piano practice session with some form of warm up, scales and chord practice for example.
If working on any particular exercises for piano technique, this is good to do first as well.
Next, the study of repertoire. These pieces will be in different levels of completion, so to create a sense of where you are with each piece, and to quickly assess what needs to be done, I have found this plan below to be of big help.
Each piano piece needs to be taken through 6 different levels.
This part of the piano practice is done in your mind, away from the piano.
Patience! Even though you now may feel so revved up you’d love to just start playing the piece hands together- DON’T!!
Your goal is to learn each hand separately, slowly then at tempo.
Once you can play the whole piece hands separately slowly without mistakes, learn how to use a metronome to gradually increase speed a little every day until you can play the whole piece hands separately in full tempo.
Finally you are “allowed” to play both hands together. But make sure to use my simple formula:
This will feel very slow, but will make it possible to coordinate both hands without mistakes.
Work each small section by section coordinating both hands like this:
Master, and then combine the small sections like this:
Continue until you have learned the whole piece. Then combine the larger sections: A+B and C+D, etc. until you have learned the whole piece slowly hands together.
Again, using the smaller or medium sized sections, work with the metronome to gradually build up the tempo until you can play the whole piece in full tempo with both hands.
Congrats! Record or video tape yourself and evaluate what you need to improve.
A very successful way of practicing is to use random, or interleaved practice. Learn more about an interleaved piano practice routine here.
Learning how to memorize the piece is something that comes easily for some people, and harder for others.
If you are lucky to belong to the latter category, you will already have learned the piece by heart by now!
For the rest of us, it's back again to the smaller sections...
Although it will be easier now, you need to patiently go through each section as you did before. But this time to memorize each hand separately, then both, and repeat and rinse for each section.
Once a piece is memorized, it will only stay that way if you review it occasionally.
To keep several pieces organized regarding level of “readiness”, I keep a simple folder with the different levels written out as dividers.
Once a piece “graduates” from one level to the next, I simply move it to the next level.
I try to have at least one piece, repertoire and etudes, on each level. This keeps the piano practice varied and more fun.
I have created a piano practice chart for adults here with all the steps you need for an organized practice session!
Give it a try and let me know if this piano practice plan worked for you!