How to Memorize
Piano Pieces

Learning how to memorize a few piano pieces to keep "in your pocket"; always ready to perform, takes a bit of planning and preparation.

One of the joys of playing an instrument is to be able to share the music.

But unless you are already skilled at improvising and playing piano by ear, here are some great tips on how you "learn by heart" and keep a short repertoire of pieces to share with your friends any time!

Selecting a Repertoire

Start by selecting 4 to 5 pieces that are a bit easier than what you would normally play.  See if you can find pieces in different styles, to make your repertoire more varied.

For a great selection of easier piano pieces, perfect for social events have a look at this collection of piano songs.

Learn the Piece

How to memorize piano songs

Begin With The End In Mind...

Here is a great tip: Make sure to learn the beginning and ending of a piece first. Why? Well that is where the attention is most focused.

You can goof up in the middle of the piece quite a lot, but if you finish elegantly all is “forgiven”. Also, the beginning of a piece is like the first impression of someone, so do make sure it is neat and tidy!


If the piece has some small tricky technical bits, simplify them.

Cut away anything unnecessary (as long as it doesn’t ruin the piece of course) and remember that no one (except you) is interested in you having conquered something really difficult (most people wouldn’t notice anyway) but most will prefer and love listening to, a smoothly performed piece without obvious mistakes.

About Repeats

Normally, peoples attention is very short at social gatherings, unless you play a song that everyone wants to sing along with. You usually don’t have to play all variations of Scott Joplin’s “The Entertainer”, for example, or all parts of Beethoven’s “Fur Elise”.

You do not have to play all the repeats. Especially if, like in Billy Joel’s “The Piano Man”, which is meant to be sung along with, and nobody does...

On the other hand, some people love the plinkety-plink of the piano as a background sound while talking. In this case is it great with repeat after repeat so you keep on playing for a long time…!

How to Memorize

When learning how to memorize easier pieces you can use a very simple formula:

  • First learn the piece with notes.
  • Then play 2-4 measures twice without mistakes while really staring at the notes.
  • Play the same part twice with the notes in front of you, but look at your hands and piano keys (you may "cheat" by looking up, but keep your eyes mainly on the hands and keys).
  • Play twice more with closed book (no "cheating") but keep looking at the keyboard and your hands.

Continue in the same way with the next 2-4 measures. After learning the whole piece like this, combine larger parts of 4-8 measures, and then even larger. Keep adding parts together until you can play the whole piece by heart.


Just because you have learned how to memorize a piece doesn’t mean it stays that way…

To keep your hard work fresh-and-ready-to-be-played, your piano songs will need some regular maintenance:

  • The first week after memorizing a piece, play it preferably several times a day or a minimum of once daily. 
  • The second week, play every other day. 
  • The third week, three times. 
  • The fourth week two times, and then play your piece/s a minimum of once every week as long as you want to keep that piece on your repertoire.

As you learn new pieces, you might want to trade old pieces with new- or keep them forever on your repertoire, whatever you prefer. But remember to keep polishing your repertoire, and grab every opportunity you can to share it with others!

If you have issues with fear of performing, go to this page for some tried and tested tips and advice: Overcoming Stage Fright for Musicians.


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Piano Quotes

"Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover." ~Mark Twain

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