Here you can print and practice all the major and harmonic minor piano music scales with fingering. The scales are in one octave, but you can of course practice each piano scale in as many octaves and in any tempo you like.
Practice the piano scales in the order they are written, this helps you to get used to the fingering patterns.
The scales are organized in order of difficulty following the circle of fifths, but I also teamed the major scales with the harmonic minor scales so that you can see the small changes they actually have. Usually you can use the same fingering!
Please note that there is no key signature used. This is to make it easier for beginners to quickly learn the scale pattern and fingering without worrying about learning the key signature.
All 12 major scales share the same pattern of whole and half steps between the notes:
The 12 minor scales, however, come in 3 variations:
Each major scale has a relative minor scale. They are called "related", since they share the same key signature. This mean they share the same amount of sharps or flats. (Your free scales are for beginners- so I chose to write the accidental in front of each note, instead of using the key signature.)
So, for example G major and e- minor both have one sharp sign as their key signature. When you practice the G major scale, you can use the same keys again but start and end on a E- this is the Natural E-minor piano scale!
Raising the 7th step gives you the Harmonic minor. Raising the 6th and 7th step going up, and keeping the scale Natural going down gives you the Melodic minor.
scales that are called relative are 1 1/2 steps apart (a small third).
From a major scale you will find its relative minor scale 1 1/2 steps down, and from a minor scale 1 1/2 steps up.
A simple rule when playing scales is not to use your 1st finger on a black key (since it is too short).
The fingering pattern you will see -much more clearly when playing many octaves- is the grouping of fingers in 1 2 3 and 1 2 3 4 patterns.
Try to practice the piano music scales that share the same fingering first, and always hands separately. It is fun to play both- but more important to be able to play one hand at a time without effort.
Now go and do some "finger-jogging" with these piano scale exercises! And remember to start S-L-O-W-L-Y!
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