Music theory is the knowledge about how music is constructed. Piano theory is music theory learned while referring to a piano keyboard.
The piano keyboard is a great tool to use when learning basic music theory.
Because of the layout of the piano keys, patterns of notes, scales, chords and intervals are a lot easier to actually see, compared to other instruments.
Make sure to print out some free printable staff paper before you begin.
Sharpen your pencil, and make sure to practice to write the notes, clefs etc. as you learn about them, this will make all you learn easier to remember.
Tip: A graded series of books I recommend for older piano players who'd like to learn theory is: Fundamentals of Piano Theory by Keith Snell.
Music is built from several elements, with the main ones being: melody, harmony, rhythm, dynamics, timbre and texture.
Within each element, or "building block", there are more concepts:
Learn the basic stuff of piano theory, like note names, the staff, note values etc.
Learn more about different note values and rests, their names and how to count.
What is it that gives a musical scale its special "sound color"? This introduction to scales will take a look at what scales are made from and some of the types that can be found in different parts of the world.
Find out how to combine the notes to create different scales; major scales, minor scales, blues, modal and more!
Intervals are the distances between notes. Learning how to identify intervals, helps you to quickly read notes, among other things!
This is a super tool for understanding key signatures and more, invented by Pythagoras in the 6th Century B.C!!
All those symbols in the beginning of a staff, what are they? The sharps # or flats b, clustered in the first measure are called the Key Signature. Learn more here.
Print your favorite. 8 or 10 staff, wide staff or grand staff paper as PDF's.
Helpful tool for beginner pianists. Print out a keyboard, with or without note names. Use for keyboard orientation, games etc.
Why are the keys in the order they are, and why are they in the particular layout of black and white keys? Read more here.
Here is a handy-dandy tool for beginner pianists. Print out this free Pdf, fold and place behind the keys to remember the note names on the keys. On the back is a simple chart to help you find the most basic chords on the piano.
Take a break, have some fun with a virtual piano game!