Piano Theory Lessons

Music theory is the knowledge about how music is constructed. Piano theory is music theory learned while referring to a piano keyboard.


The piano keyboard is a great tool to use when learning basic music theory. Because of the layout of the piano keys, patterns of notes, scales, chords and intervals are a lot easier to actually see, compared to other instruments.

Make sure to print out some free printable staff paper before you begin. Sharpen your pencil, and make sure to practice to write the notes, clefs etc. as you learn about them, this will make all you learn easier to remember.

Elements of Music

Music is built from several elements, with the main ones being: melody, harmony, rhythm, dynamics, timbre and texture. Within each element, or "building block", there are more concepts:

  • Melody: How tones are organized in patterns of high and low pitch. In this group we find music scales and music intervals.
  • Harmony: Is as Melody based on pitch, but in this group tones are played together. Music chords and harmonic intervals belong here for example.
  • Rhythm: Is the arrangement of long and short note values and rests. In this group we study   beat, time signature, meter and many, many more elements dealing with rhythm.
  • Dynamics: How loud or soft the music is. There are plenty of words describing dynamics and other music terms - so it is worth getting a handy music dictionary for that, for example: Alfred's Pocket Dictionary of Music
  • Timbre or Tone Color: The specific sound of the tone. In other words what instrument/s is/are playing (or voice, or anything else with sound!). In this group you learn about different instrument groups, individual instrument sounds etc.
  • Texture: Is how the musical melodies and harmonies- are “woven” together. For example: Monophony (single voice or melody), Homophony (a main melody together with harmony or chords), Polyphony (many single voices or melodies played (or sung) together, neither being “the leader” (Like in a a Fugue).

Free Piano Theory Lessons for Beginners

How to Read Piano Notes:
Learn the basic stuff of piano theory, like note names, the staff, note values etc.

Note Values and Rests
Learn more about different note values and rests, their names and how to count.

Music Scales:
Find out how to combine the notes to create different scales; major scales, minor scales, blues, modal and more!

Music Intervals:
Intervals are distances between notes. Learning how to identify intervals, helps you to quickly read notes, among other things!

Circle of Fifths:
This is a super tool for understanding key signatures and more, invented by Pythagoras in the 6th Century B.C!!

The Key Signature:

All those symbols in the beginning of a staff, what are they? The sharps # or flats b, clustered in the first measure are called the Key Signature. Learn more here.

Printable Staff Paper:

Print your favorite. 8 or 10 staff, wide staff or grand staff paper as pdf's.

Piano Keyboard Diagram:

Helpful tool for beginner pianists. Print out a keyboard, with or without note names. Use for keyboard orientation, games etc.

Layout Piano Keys:

Why are the keys in the order they are, and why are they in the particular layout of black and white keys? Read more here.

Printable Key Notes and Basic Chord Finder:

Here is a handy-dandy tool for beginner pianists. Print out this free Pdf, fold and place behind the keys to remember the note names on the keys. On the back is a simple chart to help you find the most basic chords on the piano.

Virtual Piano Keyboard
Take a break, have some fun with a virtual piano game!

If you want to learn more about music theory, Alfred's has a great book with CD's that can be used for self-study. Check it out here: Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory: A Complete Self-Study Course for All Musicians (Book & 2 CDs)

Related Websites

Music Theory Made Easy

Learn more about piano theory at www.music-theory-made-easy.com



Share Your Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.


› Piano Theory


Effective Practice

How to Use  a Metronome.

Free Piano Chords Chart.

Best Digital Piano.

Recent Articles

  1. Printable Free Piano Chords Chart

    Sep 28, 14 04:55 AM

    Here you can print out a piano chords chart and learn more about chord piano.This is a useful tool especially when you start learning how to play piano chords.

    Read More

  2. Piano Keyboard Diagram - The Note Names on the Piano Keys

    Sep 26, 14 05:25 AM

    It can be useful to have a piano keyboard diagram with the layout of the piano keys handy when you are learning how to play the piano.

    Read More

  3. Learning How to Play Piano By Yourself

    Jul 13, 14 10:16 AM

    Learning how to play piano by yourself, is that even possible? Here is a look at the three most important aspects when teaching yourself to play piano.

    Read More