Relative Major and Minor
Each major scale has a relative minor scale. They are called "related", since they share the same
key signature (the sharps or flats in the beginning of the staff).
So, relative scales share the same amount of sharps or flats.
(Your free scales are for
beginners- so I chose to write the accidental in front of each note,
instead of using the key signature.)
So, for example G major and E minor both have one sharp sign as their key signature.
When you practice the G major scale, you can use the same keys again but instead start and end on E.
This is then called the Natural E-minor piano scale!
- Raising the 7th step gives you the Harmonic minor scale.
- Raising the 6th and 7th step going up, and keeping the scale Natural going down gives you the Melodic minor scale.
scales that are called relative are 1 1/2 steps apart (a small third).
From a major scale you will find its relative minor scale 1 1/2 steps down, and from a minor scale 1 1/2 steps up.