In this beginner piano lesson you will quickly learn to read piano music. This lesson is part 1 of a free mini "crash-course" in note reading for beginners. If you have no clue how to read piano music- this is for you!
For this lesson, the only previous note reading skills needed is some understanding of basic "keyboard" knowledge, like direction (up and down), finger numbers and hand position.
So below are first a few reminders before we start to learn to read piano music.
The piano keyboard can be divided in two "parts" for note reading purposes, the Treble and the Bass:
1. The treble part of the piano are all the piano keys from the middle of the keyboard to the right end (up). These notes have a high pitch. This part of the piano is usually played with the right hand.
2. The bass part is from the middle of the piano keyboard to the left end (down). This part is usually played with your left hand.
When you learn to read piano music, you read two staffs (staves) at the same time.
This is called a Grand Staff. The lowest staff is for the low or bass notes, and the upper staff is for the high or treble notes.
You will start playing the right hand while reading the treble, or G clef staff and with the left hand you will read the bass, or the F clef staff.
Apart from learning the finger numbers (above), it's a good habit to check your hand posture each time before you begin to play and when you finish playing each piece or exercise.
Make sure you play on the tips of your fingers with a "cupped" hand with slightly curved fingers.
Don’t worry so much yet if your hands “collapses” while you play, but fix the posture properly as you start and end at first.
You'll soon get used to the correct feeling, and will gradually adjust it as you play instinctively.
We will start using three fingers in the right hand. Finger numbers 1, 2 and 3.
Starting on “middle C” (the C located in the middle of the piano), play with your right hand:
Practice these three notes and play them up and down, anyway you like, singing along the note names:
Notes are read from left to right, as you read a book. Here is a little melody using only these three notes.
All the notes are quarter notes and last for one beat (or count) each. The melody moves only by steps yet.
Oh, and yes! Always sing along the note names as you play the first time!
This time let’s practice the left hand position. We will still use only three fingers. Starting from the same middle C again, left hand plays:
Practice these three notes in the same way as above, up and down, here and there, singing (or saying) the note names.
Here is a little tune using only three notes in the left hand. Keep singing the note names as you play!
Now, let's practice both hands together.
Both thumbs ( finger 1) are placed on the same note, middle C, the other fingers 2 and 3 in each hand is placed on their keys (D and E in your right hand and B and A in your left).
Remember to keep a cupped hand position, and that all fingertips should rest on a key even when they are not used.
Here is the "middle c" position on the piano with both hands:
And here is a little exercise to practice note reading with both hands. Observe how the notes move in steps and repeats, up and down. Sing along the note names, and notice how the notes moving up get a higher pitch (means how high or low the tone is), and the notes moving down get a lower pitch:
-Ready for more? OK. Let’s add one more piano key for finger number 4 in both hands.
In the following example you will also use half notes. They last for two beats.
This time, count “1” for each quarter note, and hold each half note for 2 beats, while you count 1-2. Play slow and steady and count as you play!
Easy? Thought so. Let’s add one more finger, number 5 (pinkie) in both hands.
Observe that each finger 5 is now playing each of the notes that the clefs are also showing us. (See the arrows.)
Here is an exercise using all 5 fingers in both hands. This example also uses the whole note. The whole note lasts for four beats, count: “1-2-3-4” while you hold that note. Keep a steady beat. And...sing along those note names!
Up to now, you have read notes moving in steps, and repeats. This exercise has skips as well.
A skip is an interval of a third, skipping one note in between the notes up or down. Watch out for where the skips are!
Remember to sing along the note names as you play, this helps you learn to read piano music easier and faster.
For this example you should also count as you play, as you have 3 different note values.
If you like, you can now continue your free note reading "crash-course" here: Reading Music Notes- A Mini Course for Beginners and learn to play both hands together!