Learn how to use a metronome to practice piano with great results. The metronome is a very useful tool, it's basically necessary, for all musicians.
For example four quarter notes, or crotchets, would be counted;
1 – 1 – 1 – 1 (instead of 1-2-3-4)
and two half notes, or semibreve:
1 – 2 1 - 2 (instead of 1-2 3-4)
Unit counting is great for beginners since you focus only on the length of each note instead of regular counting where you count the beats per measure. So it reinforces learning of note values and helps you sight-read music by keeping your attention ahead in the music.
However, unit-counting only works when playing hands separately, or until you start using different rhythms in each hand. At that time you need to use "regular" counting, where you follow the time signature and count as many beats as it says per measure.
The most obvious way to use a metronome is to check that the speed of the piece is accurate.
At the top of the score, usually left corner of the sheet music, you might see "Allegretto mm.120" for example.
Allegretto is a moderately fast tempo, and the metronome count helps you to understand how fast exactly.
For pieces that you have learned the notes at a slow tempo and now need to speed up, the metronome is a necessity.
Start with smaller parts of the piece and put the metronome at a comfortable and slow tempo; a tempo where you can play without any mistakes.
As soon as you play through the part once without mistakes, increase the speed with one click.
Gradually increasing the speed in such small
increments is almost impossible to do without a metronome. In this way
you are basically “tricking” yourself into playing faster and faster
without stress and – of course – no mistakes.
How to use a metronome as a “testing” device:
upon a goal for each practice session. Like, that you can play
your right hand perfectly, or a section of the piece hands together at a
particular tempo, with the metronome. This gives you a clearly defined
goal to work for which is also measurable since you compare yourself with the metronome.
Since piano playing and practicing is very “qualitative” it can be difficult to know your progress for each practice session. The metronome can then function as a “measuring” stick to compare your progress with.
The most obvious “testing” is to play with the metronome when you think you have really learned a piece. You will notice places in the music where you want to either slow down or speed up that you probably had no idea that you did!
Of course, music should usually not be performed with a rhythm perfect as a metronome.
Phrases have “ebb and flow”, jumps and leaps are often
supposed to take a little extra time, and depending on the style of
music you play, rubato might be necessary, often ritardando and even sometimes accelerando.
“Testing” with the metronome might help you find places that are not musically justified regarding tempo changes, but technically simply needs some extra practice... (Try to be unbiased)!
How to use a Metronome when Sight Reading Music:
The metronome is a great tool for practicing piano sight reading. By using short, easy melodies and setting the tempo very slow, you can train yourself to always look ahead in the score - it kind of "pushes you" to move along!
Practice how to use a metronome with this virtual copy. Start by "winding" it up, then change the tempo (the speed of the beat) either with the lever on the "arm" or to the right. Have fun!
Generally, the best metronome is the classic "Wittner" metronome. Since it has an arm that swings, you get a better sense for the beat since you can anticipate the next beat visually. The sound is the classical "Tock" :) , which is nice to the ear.
A more economic alternative is an electronic metronome, just make sure you check the "tick" sound. If you like it, I mean. The sound should be big enough to be heard but not driving you "crazy"' either.
This is a favorite of mine, small but effective. It's made in wood and a very special little metronome