Master the Bass Clef Notes

Learn to read bass clef notes quickly with these simple exercises!

The best and fastest way to learn to name and play notes is by using flashcards. Follow the exercises outlined below and print your own set of flashcards  (with both letter and syllable names!) to keep practicing on your own. Have fun!

When you start learning how to read music you are usually learning to read the treble clef / G clef first.

Since many instruments use only the treble clef to notate music, most music theory students already know this clef well and how to read it, but tend to fall behind when it comes to reading bass clef notes fluently.

But you know what? It is very easy to learn!

The bass clef, or F clef show where the bass or low sounding notes are. The staff showing the low pitched note with a bass clef is also called a Bass Staff.

Today you will mostly see the bass clef written like this:

Bass clef on staff

As with all music clefs, the Bass Clef identifies a note that you can then use to relate all the other notes to. In this case this note is bass F, (the first F found below "middle C") and that is also why it's called an F clef.

Bass staff with F clef

F is on the second line between the dots.

The F clef / bass clef has been written in different ways throughout time and is actually a stylized figure of the letter F:

Bass clef in Mensural Notation

The Bass clef written in Mensural Notation from the Middle ages.

Old Bass Clef

This old "reversed" bass clef could be found in hymn books up to recently. J.S Bach wrote the F clef like this! (Ha!)

So, if you know where bass F is, it is then relatively easy to figure out the rest of the notes.

You do know the alphabet forwards and backwards, right? Ascending notes on the staff go forward in the alphabet, and descending go backward.

So the next note one step up from F is...G! The next (starting the alphabet again) is A, then B and so on. Going down from F is...E! Then D, C and so on.

Bass Clef Notes

Using Mnemonics

Using mnemonics is a popular way of memorizing where the notes are on a staff. For example:

Bass Staff Line Notes (from bottom up):

Good Boys Does Fine Always (seriously?)

Bass staff space notes (from bottom up):

All Cows Eat Grass

This works only in countries where the notes are named from the alphabet. In other countries, where syllable names are used (Do, Re,Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Si/Ti) this is not practical.

I have found that, although perhaps seemingly convenient in the beginning, mnemonics are not as useful as they may seem.

A better use of your time is to quickly learn where the notes are positioned, and then practice naming the notes using "flash cards".

You will become a better and faster note reader instead of wasting time trying to remember if the cows eat grass or if the boys are good or not! :)

Using Landmark or Guide Notes

I recommend to develop an independent identification of all the notes as soon as possible instead of relying on mnemonics.

Landmark notesLearn these landmark notes, and you'll know the rest of the note names as well!

Learn a few landmark or guide notes to relate all the other bass clef notes to. Here's how:

  • First learn where "middle C" is on the grand staff. Done? OK.
  • Then learn where treble G and Bass F is. Duh...  this is shown by the Clefs of course!
  • Next step is to be amazed over the High and Low C on each staff.
  • This time learn the notes on the top line of the treble staff and the bottom of the bass staff. The top is F, the bottom is G. Memorize it like this:

The G clef shows us G.

The F clef show us F.

Top line of G clef staff is F.

Bottom line of F clef staff is (the opposite)......G!

  • The final "landmarks" or "guide notes" are "very" High C, and "very" low C. They both have two ledger lines (or "help" lines).

Geek alert! Did you notice that if you turn the score upside down...all the C guide notes are in the same place?

Using Flash Cards

Using flashcards is in my experience a very quick way of memorizing notes and their position on the staff.

It is important not only to say the note name out loud, but to play the exact pitch on an instrument too. This will use more of your senses and will make it easier to retain.

Bass Clef Notes Flash Cards With Letter And Syllable Names

You can print out my free Bass Clef Notes Flashcards here:

  1. Bass Clef with Notes 1a. Second Page with Answers 1b.
  2. Bass Clef with Notes 2a. Second Page with Answers 2b.
  3. Bass Clef with Notes 3a. Second Page with Answers 3b.
  4. Bass Clef with Notes 4a. Second Page with Answers 4b.
  5. Bass Clef with Notes 5a. Second Page with Answers 5b.

Print on card stock on both sides (so you have the answers on the back), cut out and use to practice every day. You will learn bass clef notes so fast you won't need them for long. Good feeling! :)

Recommended Resources

My favorite music theory flash cards are by Alfred's. You can drill note names, time signatures, music vocabulary and much more. Check them out here: Alfred's Color Coded Flashcards (Amazon).


Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.


Get a Free E-book!

Subscribe to our e-zine "The Piano Player", and get occasional updates with tips and tools for beginner piano players. You'll get a free e-book with piano playing tips too!



Piano Quotes

"Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover." ~Mark Twain

Have a favorite quote that inspire your piano playing? Please share it here!